For a long time, researchers have neglected the 100 million glial cells found in our brains, but that is no longer the case. Now they have discovered that the glial cells cleanse the brain of waste.
Long-term research collaboration has helped reduce maternal mortality in the Gambia to less than half its previous level over 14 years. However, the country is still facing numerous challenges in terms of health.
New surgical methods give hope to patients with cancer that has spread from the intestine to the liver. The disease can be changed from terminal to chronic by cutting the liver piece by piece using keyhole surgery.
Each year, more than one thousand Norwegians develop lymphoma. A statistical genetic analysis can detect when the disease will be aggressive. Thereby, treatment can be initiated in time.
Each year, nearly 3000 Norwegians develop lung cancer. Current x-ray- examinations capture only 20 percent of cases. With modern ultralow-dose CT, the radiologists hit the bull’s eye 90 per cent of the time.
Researchers have found a possible molecular explanation for why overweight is harmful. This new knowledge may provide new drugs for heart attack, stroke, cancer and chronic intestinal inflammation.
The continual and violent clashes between Hindus and Muslims in India are generally attributed to religion. Economic factors may provide a better explanation.
Promiscuous bird species have less variation in their sperm cells. The explanation is the fierce competition that occurs between sperm cells when more than one male mates with the same female.
Periodontitis can cause teeth to come loose. Mandibular cancer can disfigure a face. With the aid of artificial, foam-rubber-shaped scaffolding, the body can be helped to repair the damage by itself.
Mussels can cause serious poisoning. Current toxicity checks cost USD 2000 and take a week. A new method can provide an answer within a few hours and can cost as little as USD 35.
Cuban nationalism amplified by patriotic salsa rhythms replaced Marxist ideology when the Soviet Union collapsed and the Russians went home.
In many countries in Latin America, the vice president is the only one to benefit from the resignation of the president. This could be the source of the political instability in these countries.
Each year, we spend billion of dollars on dietary supplements. New research indicates that vitamin pills may upset the fragile balance in our cells and thus cause more harm than good.
Extensive statistical analyses of the mutation distribution in several thousand cancerous tumours make it possible to find cures for types of cancer that cannot be treated today.
The Vikings did not only go West to pillage and plunder. Most of the silk found in the Oseberg ship may have been purchased by honest means from Persia.
A simple method has been found that tells people who have become seriously ill after a tick bite once and for all whether they have bacteria in their blood.
To be able to communicate the content of the philosophy of Aristotle, the mathematics of Euclid and the message of the Bible, translators have created a wealth of new words and concepts that previously did not exist. A database of historically important texts and their translations – developed at the University of Oslo – is now being used by researchers all over the world.
Medium-sized waves can destroy wind turbines at sea, causing them to break like matches. Mathematicians are trying to explain why.
The USA uses uranium from Russian nuclear weapons as fuel in its civilian nuclear power plants. If the weapon-grade uranium is mixed with the Norwegian element thorium, the waste becomes 95 per cent less radioactive.
The number of incorrect cancer prognoses can be halved with computerised image analysis. In three years time, the method can be used on patients with bowel cancer, ovarian cancer and prostate cancer.
It will now be possible to detect cancer by measuring the elasticity of tumours. The method is cheap, safe and radiation-free.
In five to seven years, solar cells will have become much cheaper and only one-twentieth as thick as current solar cells. The trick is to deceive the sunlight with microbeads.
The universe abounds with dark matter. Nobody knows what it consists of. UiO physicists have now launched a very hard mathematical explanation that could solve the mystery once and for all.
Contrary to popular belief, the British did not 'borrow' words and concepts from the Norwegian and Danish Vikings and their descendants. What we call English is actually a form of Scandinavian.